|Title||A life cycle approach to Green Public Procurement of building materials and elements: A case study on windows|
|Publication Type||Articolo su Rivista peer-reviewed|
|Year of Publication||2011|
|Authors||Tarantini, M., Dominici Loprieno Arianna, and Porta Pier Luigi|
|Keywords||building, Building materials, Construction equipment, construction material, Construction Materials, Environmental impact, environmental management, Green buildings, Green public procurement, identification method, Intelligent buildings, Italy, LCA, life cycle, life cycle analysis, Manufacture, manufacturing, performance assessment, policy making, Pollution control, stakeholder, Standardization, Sustainable building, Sustainable development, Threshold, voluntary approach|
Green Public Procurement (GPP) is a significant policy tool for reducing the environmental impacts of services and products throughout their whole life cycle. Scientific and easily verifiable environmental criteria, based on a life cycle approach, should be developed and used within procurement procedures. In this paper, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is applied to wood windows showing how it can support the criteria definition. After a foreword on GPP development in Italy, the evaluation features of the environmental performances of building materials and components are outlined. The LCA case study is then presented, describing the use of the analysis results to define the environmental criteria. LCA allowed to identify the main impacts and the critical processes of the window life cycle, giving a scientific framework to discuss GPP criteria with manufacturers associations and stakeholders. Nevertheless, it couldn't help neither in identifying detailed criteria for GPP nor to define numerical thresholds to be used as reference in procurement procedures. The appropriate strategies should be selected taking into account the technical status of the market, the standard development and the voluntary industry commitments, involving manufacturers associations. Finally, some elements to develop a structured approach for GPP of construction materials are presented. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.
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