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Effect of Citrus bergamia extract on lipid profile: A combined in vitro and human study

TitleEffect of Citrus bergamia extract on lipid profile: A combined in vitro and human study
Publication TypeArticolo su Rivista peer-reviewed
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsPierdomenico, Maria, Cicero A.F.G., Veronesi M., Fogacci F., Riccioni C., and Benassi Barbara
JournalPhytotherapy Research

With the aim of characterising the hypo-lipidemic function of the Brumex™ ingredient obtained from the whole fruit of Citrus bergamia, a combined pre-clinical and clinical study was conducted. In the HepG2 experimental model, we first demonstrated that Brumex™ does not trigger any significant alteration in cell viability over the tested concentration range of 1–2000 μg/mL (4 and 24 h). By stimulating the phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) at threonine 172, Brumex™ significantly reduces both cholesterol and triglyceride (TG) intracellular content of HepG2 cells and impairs the expression levels of lipid synthesis-related genes (namely, SREBF1c, SREBF2, ACACA, SCD1, HMGCR and FASN). In vitro data have been validated in a dedicated double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomised clinical trial performed in 50 healthy moderately hyper-cholesterolemic subjects, undergoing supplementation with either Brumex™ (400 mg) or placebo for 12 weeks. Clinical and blood laboratory data were evaluated at the baseline and at the end of the trial. Brumex™ positively impacted on both plasma lipid pattern and liver enzymes compared with the placebo, mainly in terms of significant reduction of total cholesterol (TC), TG, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), non-high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (non-HDL-C), apolipoprotein B100 (ApoB), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT), glutamate pyruvate transaminase (GPT) and gamma-glutamyl-transferase (gGT). © 2023 The Authors. Phytotherapy Research published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


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Citation KeyPierdomenico2023a