|Title||First report on Vitamin B9 production including quantitative analysis of its vitamers in the yeast Scheffersomyces stipitis|
|Publication Type||Articolo su Rivista peer-reviewed|
|Year of Publication||2022|
|Authors||Mastella, L., Senatore V.G., Guzzetti L., Coppolino M., Campone L., Labra M., Beltrani Tiziana, and Branduardi P.|
|Journal||Biotechnology for Biofuels and Bioproducts|
|Keywords||5MTHF, Biorefineries, biosynthesis, Biotics, Cofactors, Derived products, Fermentation, Folates, metabolic engineering, Microorganisms, Nutraceuticals, Nutrients, Scheffersomyces stipitis, Sugars, THF, Vitamers, Vitamins, Yeast|
Background: The demand for naturally derived products is continuously growing. Nutraceuticals such as pre- and post-biotics, antioxidants and vitamins are prominent examples in this scenario, but many of them are mainly produced by chemical synthesis. The global folate market is expected to register a CAGR of 5.3% from 2019 to 2024 and reach USD 1.02 billion by the end of 2024. Vitamin B9, commonly known as folate, is an essential micronutrient for humans. Acting as a cofactor in one-carbon transfer reactions, it is involved in many biochemical pathways, among which the synthesis of nucleotides and amino acids. In addition to plants, many microorganisms can naturally produce it, and this can pave the way for establishing production processes. In this work, we explored the use of Scheffersomyces stipitis for the production of natural vitamin B9 by microbial fermentation as a sustainable alternative to chemical synthesis. Results: Glucose and xylose are the main sugars released during the pretreatment and hydrolysis processes of several residual lignocellulosic biomasses (such as corn stover, wheat straw or bagasse). We optimized the growth conditions in minimal medium formulated with these sugars and investigated the key role of oxygenation and nitrogen source on folate production. Vitamin B9 production was first assessed in shake flasks and then in bioreactor, obtaining a folate production up to 3.7 ± 0.07 mg/L, which to date is the highest found in literature when considering wild type microorganisms. Moreover, the production of folate was almost entirely shifted toward reduced vitamers, which are those metabolically active for humans. Conclusions: For the first time, the non-Saccharomyces yeast S. stipitis was used to produce folate. The results confirm its potential as a microbial cell factory for folate production, which can be also improved both by genetic engineering strategies and by fine-tuning the fermentation conditions and nutrient requirements. © 2022, The Author(s).
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